Улица Орджоникидзе (Санкт-Петербург)

Координаты:    

Улица Орджоники́дзе — улица в Московском районе Санкт-Петербурга, от Московского проспекта до Витебского проспекта.

Улица была так названа 20 декабря 1955 года в честь наркома тяжелой промышленности СССР, члена Политбюро ЦК ВКП(б) Григория Константиновича Орджоникидзе.

Изначально шла от Московского проспекта (нынешней площади Победы) до проспекта Юрия Гагарина, включив в себя часть Южного шоссе (участок от Московского проспекта до нынешней улицы Ленсовета). В начале 1960-х годов, при формировании площади Победы, между улицами Орджоникидзе и Краснопутиловской был построен транспортный тоннель. 16 января 1964 года улица продлена до Витебского проспекта.

Существуют планы строительства тоннеля под Витебским направлением Октябрьской железной дороги для соединения улицы Орджоникидзе с улицей Димитрова.

Благодатная улица • Витебский проспект • Дунайский проспект • Московское шоссе • улица Орджоникидзе улица Типанова • проспект Юрия Гагарина

Бассейная • Звёздная • проспект Космонавтов • Кузнецовская • Ленсовета • Салова • Свирская • Титова

Площадь Академика Пашина

МО Московского района: Московская застава | Гагаринское | Новоизмайловское | Пулковский меридиан | Звёздное

Дунайский проспект • Московский проспект • Московское шоссе • улица Орджоникидзе улица Типанова • проспект Юрия Гагарина

Авиационная • Алтайская • Гастелло • Демонстрационный проезд • Дизельный проезд • Звёздная • проспект Космонавтов • Ленсовета • Пулковская • Среднерогатская

Московская • Победы

МО Московского района: Московская застава | Гагаринское | Новоизмайловское | Пулковский меридиан | Звёздное

Danny Philip

Danny Philip (1951), es un político y diplomático de las Islas Salomón, que ocupó el cargo de Primer Ministro desde el 25 de agosto de 2010 hasta el 16 de noviembre de 2011. Anteriormente fue ministro de Asuntos Exteriores de 1995 a 1996 y desde julio de 2000 a julio de 2001. Además fue líder del Partido Progresista del Pueblo entre 1997 y 2000.

Previamente Philip permaneció por cuatro mandatos en el Parlamento Nacional de las Islas Salomón de 1984 a 2001. Entre 1984 y 1993 representó a la circunscripción de Vona-Rendova-Tetepare. En las siguientes dos elecciones fue elegido por la circunscripción de South New Georgia-Rendova-Tetepare. En 2010 fue de nuevo elegido por esa circunscripción.

Philip fue elegido Primer ministro el 25 de agosto de 2010, tras las elecciones de ese mes. Apoyado por el grupo autodenominado Pacific Casino camp, consiguió derrotar a Steve Abana, líder del Partido Democrático de las Islas Salomón, por estrecho margen, sólo tres votos: 26 contra los 23 de Abana. Remplazó a Derek Sikua en el cargo. En su discurso de investidura declaró que su principal prioridad era la formación de un nuevo gobierno basado en el mérito, además de que el gobierno apoyaría el proceso de reforma constitucional. En noviembre de 2011 tuvo que dimitir ante las acusaciones de mal uso de las donaciones enviadas por Taiwán. Le sustituyó su compañero de partido Gordon Darcy Lilo.


Tour de Lombardie 2015

La 109e édition du Tour de Lombardie a lieu le . Elle est la dernière épreuve du calendrier UCI World Tour 2015.

Le Tour de Lombardie fait partie des cinq monuments avec Milan-San Remo, le Tour des Flandres, Paris-Roubaix et Liège-Bastogne-Liège.

Le parcours est inversé par rapport à l’an dernier avec un départ de Bergame pour une arrivée à Côme, il s’étend sur une distance de 245 kilomètres. Le final de l’épreuve se constitue de l’enchaînement des ascensions de la Madonna del Ghisallo, du Mur de Sormano, du Civiglio et de San Fermo della Battaglia.

Vingt-cinq équipes, composées chacune de huit coureurs, participent à ce Tour de Lombardie, les dix-sept WorldTeams et huit équipes continentales professionnelles :

Les Espagnols Alejandro Valverde et Mikel Landa, les Belges Philippe Gilbert (double vainqueur en 2009, 2010) et Tim Wellens, les Italiens Domenico Pozzovivo et Vincenzo Nibali, les Français Tony Gallopin, Romain Bardet, Thibaut Pinot et Warren Barguil, les Neerlandais Wouter Poels et Bauke Mollema, les Polonais Michal Kwiatkowski et Rafal Majka, le Portugais Rui Costa et le Britannqiue Adam Yates sont les principaux favoris de cette course.

Ce Tour de Lombardie attribue des points pour l’UCI World Tour 2015, par équipes uniquement aux équipes ayant un label WorldTeam, individuellement uniquement aux coureurs des équipes ayant un label WorldTeam.

Ci-dessous, le classement individuel final de l’UCI World Tour à l’issue de la course.

Ci-dessous, le classement par pays final de l’UCI World Tour à l’issue de la course.

Ci-dessous, le classement par équipes final de l’UCI World Tour à l’issue de la course.

Aman Central Mall

Soft Opening 1st October 2015

Aman Central is a shopping center in Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia. It is located at the intersection of Jalan Tambang Badak and Jalan Teluk Wanjah, along Lebuhraya Darulaman near Alor Setar Tower.

It has a pedestrian walkway.

Situated on 7.03 acres of real estate, the shopping center will be the largest mall in the region of northern Peninsular Malaysia. It has a total built-up area of 2 million sq. ft and a net area of 800,000 sq. ft. spread over 6 levels with approximately 330 retail lots with more than 1,700 parking bays.

The mall has shops, a 10-screen cinema, 30-lane bowling alley, eateries and services.

Aman Central’s single entity ownership structure and its professional management with experiences in running other thriving shopping malls within the region offer a more attractive retail environment for shoppers and retailers not found anywhere in Alor Setar. The much-anticipated Aman Central will certainly help elevate and strengthen Alor Setar’s status as a city of leisure and excitement.

Experience entertainment like never before.

With a whole level dedicated entirely for entertainment, Aman Central will consistently attract a large number of visitors. The mall will create a lifestyle shift for the population in the Northern region with the biggest cineplex, the largest bowling alley, karaoke and amusement centres, and a fitness centre.

The catchment for Aman Central is made up of Alor Setar’s city dwellers, the people living within the state boundaries such as Sungai Petani, Jitra, Kepala Batas and other surrounding areas. The mall is also expected to attract customers from other parts of the northern region including Kangar, all the way up to the south of Thailand.

It is estimated that a total of 4 million people will be part of Aman Central’s strong shopper catchment, assuring its success as a regional mall with the greatest market potential.

Embark on a culinary journey that will intrigue and titillate your taste buds. Aman Central will have a full selection of fine dining, alfresco dining, cafes, a multi-cuisine food court and take-home food kiosks that are innovatively designed to present a myriad of local and international flavours.

Plus grocery shopping at Aman Central will be an experience to take pleasure in. A large scale supermarket with the freshest produce and a wide selection household products located at LG level, directly connected to the car park will let you shop at ease.

If you love food and fancy variety, Aman Central is the place to be.

Aman Central is a picturesque of contemporary sophistication distinctly combined to showcase an architectural landmark.

The distinctive architecture and design will feature an exceptionally spacious environment with natural lighting and wide-open spaces. It will provide customers with greater opportunities of shopping pleasure.

Experience outdoor dining or savour a cup of gourmet coffee while enjoying the Aman Walk streetscape. The Al Fresco precinct lined with trendy cafés and casual eateries with its direct connection to the Entertainment Zone is the perfect place to hang-out.

It provides something to satisfy every craving before one sets out for the fun and thrills Aman Central offers.

Aman Central is fully owned and professionally managed with a strategic retail format that will bring many ‘firsts’. Well-established retail brands are being introduced for the first time ever to the region, bringing together a diverse and fresh palette of retail, health, beauty, dining and entertainment pleasures all in one venue. Whether one is in pursuit of the latest fashion trends or simply choose to enjoy a movie with the family, the mall has the right retail mix to meet the needs of the most discerning shoppers.

Rosselaar

Rosselaar is een dorp in de gemeente Balen in de Belgische provincie Antwerpen. Het ligt tussen Balen-Dorp en Mol-Centrum, direct ten westen van het Kanaal Dessel-Kwaadmechelen.

Het dorp is als landbouwnederzetting ontstaan in de Middeleeuwen, en het kreeg in 1663 een eigen kapel. Op de Ferrariskaart uit de jaren 1770 is de plaats weergegeven als het gehucht Rosselaer met zijn kapel.

In 1949 werd een kapelanie opgericht, gewijd aan Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Altijddurende Bijstand. In 1953 werd een eigen kerk ingewijd, die in 1964 werd verheven tot parochiekerk, welke werd afgesplitst van de Sint-Andriesparochie van Balen. De begraafplaats met een merkwaardige cirkelvormige plattegrond kwam tot stand van 1953-1955. De bevolking van het dorp bestond in de jaren 50 van de 20e eeuw uit landbouwers, fabrieksarbeiders, mijnwerkers en huisvrouwen.

In dit dorp zijn de volgende bezienswaardigheden te vinden:

De kapel, oorspronkelijk aan Onze-Lieve-Vrouw gewijd, werd opgericht in 1663 en verving een kleine houten kapel uit 1641. Het was een gotisch zaalkerkje met een rechthoekige plattegrond en driezijdige koorsluiting. In 1748 werd de kapel verbouwd. Restauratie volgde in 1900. Toen Rosselaar in 1949 een kapelanie werd, gebruikte men de kapel als noodkerk, waartoe ze in hetzelfde jaar aan de westkant werd vergroot. Hierbij werd de oorspronkelijke westgevel gesloopt.

Toen de Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Bijstandkerk in 1953 werd ingewijd, werd de kapel verlaten en deze verviel tot ruïne. In 1974 brak er zelfs een brand in de vervallen kapel uit. De ruïne werd als zodanig in 2000 geconserveerd, en ze bevindt zich op een driehoekig pleintje.

Deze kerk, aan de Olmensebaan 61, stamt uit 1953. Het is een eenvoudige bakstenen kerk in traditionalistische stijl met halfingebouwde oosttoren, ontworpen door architect R. van Steenbergen. Het kerkmeubilair is door dezelfde architect ontworpen.

De Hoeve Rosselaar of Hoeve Peeters, aan Rosselaar 40, is van oorsprong een Kempens woonstalhuis uit 1666, oorspronkelijk in leem en vakwerkbouw uitgevoerd, dat later versteend werd. In de loop der eeuwen werd de boerderij herhaaldelijk verbouwd. De indeling van de hoeve, die ook een potstal bevatte, bleef echter in grote lijnen ongewijzigd. In 1996 kreeg de hoeve een beschermde status, maar raakte in verval. In 1999 stortte het dak door een storm gedeeltelijk in. De hoeve werd daarop afgebroken en wacht op herbouw.

Balen, Mol-Centrum, Olmen

Makkabeeën

De Makkabeeën (Hebreeuws: מכבים or מקבים; Grieks: Μακκαβαῖοι) waren een Joodse priesterfamilie die vanaf 167 v.Chr. de Makkabeese opstand leidde tegen het Seleucidische Rijk. Onder leiding van Judas Makkabeüs stichtte zij in 164 v.Chr. de dynastie van de Hasmoneeën, die over Judea regeerde tot de verovering van het land door de Romeinen in 63 v.Chr.

Het apocriefe Bijbelboek I Makkabeeën beschrijft hoe de Joodse priester Mattathias de Hasmoneeër zich beklaagde over het oprukkend Hellenisme in Jeruzalem en opriep tot een heilige oorlog. Hij weigerde om de Griekse goden te aanbidden en trok zich met zijn vijf zonen terug uit de stad naar het dorpje Modi’im. Andere Joden die met de Thora wilden leven, sloten zich bij hen aan. Na de dood van Mattathias omstreeks 166 v.Chr. nam zijn zoon Judas de leiding over en groeide de opstand uit tot een ware oorlog tegen de Seleuciden. De bijnaam van Judas was Maccabi, „de hamer“. Later ging deze naam over op zijn vader en broers.

De vijf zonen van Mattathias waren:

Het Joodse feest Chanoeka herdenkt de herovering van de tempel in Jeruzalem door het leger van Judas in 165 v.Chr.

Het boek 1 Makkabeeën, geschreven rond 100 v.Chr., geeft een (eenzijdig) verslag van de opstand en het herstel van het oude Joodse koninkrijk. Het wordt door Joden als historisch betrouwbaar gezien en is als deuterocanoniek opgenomen in de orthodoxe en rooms-katholieke canons.

2 Makkabeeën beschrijft de periode van 180 tot 161 v.Chr. wanneer Judas een overwinning boekt op de Syrische generaal Nicanor. In de katholieke en orthodoxe traditie wordt het werk als canoniek beschouwd, maar protestanten wijzen het af.

3 Makkabeeën speelt zich ongeveer vijftig jaar voor de Makkabeese opstand rond 217 v.Chr. af. Het boek beschrijft hoe de Egyptische koning Ptolemaeus IV Philopator op bovennatuurlijke wijze wordt weerhouden van wreedheden tegen de Joden in zijn land.

4 Makkabeeën is geen historische beschrijving, maar geeft filosofisch commentaar op de eerste drie boeken.

5 Makkabeeën is vooral een samenvatting van de gebeurtenissen in 1 en 2 Makkabeeën en de relevante hoofdstukken van Flavius Josephus.

Kohndo

Kohndo (also known as Doc Odnok, full name Kohndo Assogba) is a French rapper and producer born on June 17, 1975, in Saint-Cloud, a suburb of Paris. Kohndo is known as one of the best lyricist in french rap. He gained recognition as a rapper during the 1990s as a part of the influential rap group, La Cliqua.

After his birth in France, Kohndo moved to Benin (West Africa) where his family originated. A few years later he moved back to France, and grew up in Bobigny, a suburb located north-east of Paris. In 1984, he discovered part of Hip-Hop culture through the TV Show, H.I.P. H.O.P. hosted by Sidney. In 1987, he relocated to the „Cité du Pont de Sèvre“ (Pont de Sèvre Housing Projects) in Boulogne Billancourt, a wealthier suburb located west of Paris. There he befriended his downstairs neighbor whose family, like his, came from Benin, and who would be later known in the rap scene as Zoxea, a member of Les Sages Poètes de la Rue. With Zoxea, Kohndo discovered the deeper aspects of Hip-Hop, and after having learned ‘human beatboxing’ began rapping. Zoxea introduced Kohndo to his cousin: Egosyst, with whom he formed the band: „Coup d’Etat Phonique“ alongside producer Lumumba and then-young rapper, Raphael. In 1994, at a radio show, Egosyst and Kohndo met Daddy Lord C, a rapper and former member of the Black Dragons, a Parisian gang. With Daddy Lord C, producer Chimiste, dj Jelahee and Rocca they would form La Cliqua.

With the stage name Doc Odnok and as a part of La Cliqua, Kohndo toured radios and stages, and then released, in 95, a first EP, now considered a master piece of French Rap: „Conçu pour durer“ (Built to Last) on Arsenal Records. Doc Odnok delivered, for the first time on record, his then eccentric rhyming style alongside his microphone associates: Daddy Lord C, Rocca, Raphael and Egosyt. The record was an immediate success in the French Hip-Hop scene. Quickly Arsenal Records signed with major label Barclay, and La Cliqua worked on their next project released in 1996 as a compilation album: „Arsenal Represente le Vrai Hip-Hop“ (Arsenal represents the Real Hip-Hop). The record featured all members of La Cliqua and their young affiliates: Petit Boss and Cercle Vicieux. Critically acclaimed, La Cliqua became a major feature on the French Hip-Hop landscape. They opened for Arrested Development at the Olympia in Paris and performed in New York City at the Zulu Nation Anniversary. Following in the footsteps of „Represente le Vrai Hip-Hop“, Rocca was the first emcee from La Cliqua to release a solo album: „Entre Deux Monde“ which featured Kohndo on: „Mot pour mot“ and „Rap Contact 2„. In 1997, Egosyst, Kohndo’s rhyme partner on „Coup d’Etat Phonique“ decided to leave La Cliqua. Kohndo would remain with the band until 1998, when he left the crew to develop his solo projects and career.

Shifting lyrical styles for a more relaxed and mature approach, in 1998, Kohndo was invited on NAP’s album „La fin du Monde“, on Koma’s „Le Reveil“ and to participate in the compilations: „ZonZon“ (Soundtrack) and „Paris, New York, Marseille“ (along with Jay-Z and IAM). In 1999, Kohndo released a first EP: „Prélude à l’Odysée“, establishing himself as a solo artist. The following year he released another EP: „Jungle Boogie“, and then a 3rd one in 2001: „J’entends les Sirènes“. On those solo projects, Kohndo exposed his vision of a Hip-Hop far from the clichés of violence and fake gangsterism. 2003 saw the release of his long-awaited album, the critically acclaimed: „Tout est écrit“, presented as a recollection of „urban poetry“ with welcome hints of soul and jazz. In 2004, Kohndo released „Blind Test“, a compilation of older tracks and previously-unreleased materials. Over the years Kohndo has open stages for Masta Ace, Edo G (at Nouveau Casino), Talib Kweli, Mobb Deep (La Scène Bastille) and Isaac Hayes (Olympia).

Kohndo released his second solo album in 2006: „Deux Pieds sur Terre / Stick to ground“, a new masterpiece partly mixed in Detroit, featuring the Motor City’s very own: Slum Village and Dwele. Other American artists contributed to this album such as Jaheim and Insight with who Kohndo delivers one of the best combination of French and English lyrics ever recorded. The album was released with a DVD which featured 3 new videos, including „Dis-moi“ with Slum Village and „Stick to Ground“ with Insight, both shot in Paris. Kohndo produced 4 tracks on the album. Other producers on the album include 20Syl of Hocus Pocus, dj Brasco as well as Jee 2 Tuluz and Stix who were already featured on „Tout est écrit“. It must be pointed out that „Deux Pieds sur Terre / Stick to Ground“ offers an international angle of Hip-Hop, not only because of the featured American artists but also because it has been released in Europe, Japan, Australia and in the USA.

It was following the release of „Deux Pieds sur Terre / Stick to Ground“, and after various collaborations with musicians that Kohndo decided to form a live band to share the stage with him. In a few months of meetings and auditions, Kohndo had created the „Velvet Club“ – composed of: Sebastien Artigue (Bass), Yann Massoubre (Drum), David Santhino (Keys), Thomas Agrinier (Guitar) and Dj Kozi (Turntables). Kohndo & Velvet Club have performed all over France, noticibale performances have been at the festivals „La Rue au Grand Palais“, „Nancy Jazz Pulsation“ and the „Printemps de Bourges“.

In April 2008, Kohndo and the other members of La Cliqua (minus Raphael) came back together for a performance at the Festival l’Original in Lyon. This successful, unexpected, reunion which resurrected on stage some of La Cliqua’s classic repertoire, was followed in January 2009 by a sold out concert in Paris, at the Elysée Montmartre.

After touring with his live band for years, Kohndo worked on his third album „Soul Inside“, influenced by live instrumentation, the album was released in May 2011 in Europe and a year later in the United States with 2 additional tracks inviting Rasco, Amad-Jamal, Flip and Rascue (Rasta Cue Tip of Various Blends). The first video for the single Soul Inside was released in December 2010. Other videos extracted from Soul Inside include „Rock On“ featuring Song and Karl The Voice, „Mon Ghetto“, „My Tribute (Mon Ghetto remixed by Flip)“, „Mes Nuits“ featuring Marie M, and „Vise le Ciel Remix“ featuring Brother Amir.

A rapper, beatmaker and executive producer, Kohndo is also working as a sound engineer on various projects, such as on the album of dj Brasco „Fill the Gap“ which features American rappers: Frank n Dank, Phat Kat, Black Milk, Wildchild, Rasco, Declaime, etc. Kohndo is a member of the French Zulu Nation. He has collaborated on various projects and shows with french pioneer Hip-Hop Dj and main representative of the French Zulu Nation: Dj Deenasty.

Golgo 13: Top Secret Episode

Vic Tokai (programming)

Golgo 13: Top Secret Episode (ゴルゴ13 第一章神々の黄昏 Gorugo Sātīn Dai-Isshō Kamigami no Tasogare?, Golgo 13 Episode 1: Twilight of the Gods) is an action video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), which was released in 1988.

In this game, based on a popular manga, the player takes on the role of Golgo 13 (also known as Duke Togo), an assassin whose objective is to destroy the leader of the Drek group. On the way, Golgo 13 must pass through several areas, including East Berlin, Athens, and Alexander Island, which is located off the coast of Antarctica.

It is necessary to navigate and shoot through several mazes in a first-person view in order to proceed through the game, but one maze is a fake base with no way out. The mazes account for a large amount of the frustration players encounter with this game. The instruction manual contains maps for the mazes.

(as given by Nintendo)

High above New York City a helicopter explodes. Aboard the craft is the latest biological warfare weapon which has been secretly developed by the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)… Cassandra-G. A vaccine and plans have been stolen are among the fragments of the helicopter wreckage along with a shell fired from an M16.

The copter was shot down from fire of an expert sharpshooter armed with an M-16. The CIA concludes that the act was the responsibility of the super sniper, Golgo-13. An official release by the CIA links Golgo-13 to the KGB (the Soviet intelligence group).

Under these circumstances, the CIA copter incident and the unknown where-abouts of Cassandra-G become entangled. A representative of the secret international organization, FIXER, transmits a message. FIXER believes the affair is the work of the remnants of the DREK Empire and not Golgo-13.

After the dispatch, the representative disappears. The situation becomes more and more mysterious. A man who calls himself Condor agrees to help FIXER. In East Berlin, because Condor has received some information on Cassandra-G, the CIA, KGB, and even DREK are threatening his life

Upon a request from FIXER, Golgo-13 has gone into action. He is to get information on a vaccine from Condor and eliminate the leader of the DREK group…

At the time, Nintendo of America had strict censorship policies concerning what sort of content could be depicted or referenced in any game published for a Nintendo system. In the original Japanese version, the DREK „empire“ is actually the resurrected Nazi regime, but this was changed so as to fit the prohibition against political advocacy, racial and or ethnic stereotyping.

Yet, some of the changes were more complete than others. The final boss, Smirk, is clearly a cyborg version of Adolf Hitler and a file retrieved by Togo during a base infiltration in Greece retains a swastika on it, which is visible in the player’s inventory area. Nintendo required that Golgo had his profession changed to spy rather than assassin, per its prohibition on graphic violence and gore.

Golgo 13 is one of the first NES games to feature sex, drug use and graphic violence. It was an unusual release, because at the time Nintendo of America had strict content guidelines preventing the release of such content on its systems. Although the depictions were toned down from the original Japanese game and limited by the 8-bit technology of the NES, it was not all together clear how this content was released uncensored.

For example, in the maze levels featured in the game, as well as one „sniper mode“ mission in East Berlin, enemies are seen briefly bleeding from the head when killed, despite the prohibition on graphic violence and gore.

In the beginning of the mission in Greece, if the player walks to the right several paces and then walks back to the beginning of the level, a pack of cigarettes is seen on the ground. Golgo 13 is seen smoking if the player walks over the cigarettes, and his health is restored.

The Japanese version even had an alternate sequence (prompting the player to „press the B button and have the kids look away from the screen“) which had Cherry remove her dress leaving her dressed only in panties for a few seconds.

In the sequel, The Mafat Conspiracy, scenes are even more ‚graphic‘ taking into consideration the technology of the time.

Golgo 13’s energy level starts at 200 and continuously declines. Destroying enemies increases his energy level and bullets. The game consists, chronologically, of 13 acts (all named for classic films):

One of the most challenging aspects of the game is that these acts are intended to be played out as though they were a limited number of episodes in a television series, or perhaps as issues in a limited series comic book since the game’s title character originates in Japanese manga. The game only lasts fifty-two episodes, meaning the player only gets fifty-two chances to beat the game. Episodes begin at one and are counted upward from the start screen each time the player loses a life. At the end of the fifty-second episode the game resets and begins again from the main title screen. In video game jargon, this is to say that the player has a maximum of fifty-two „lives“ to complete all thirteen acts before the game resets.

Schuhschachtel-Prinzip

Als Schuhschachtel-Prinzip (auch Scheunen-Prinzip) wird eine im 19. Jahrhundert nach dem Vorbild des alten Leipziger Gewandhauses entwickelte Bauform für Konzertsäle bezeichnet. Anwendung fand dieses Prinzip beispielsweise beim Großen Musikvereinssaal in Wien, beim Stadtcasino-Musiksaal in Basel oder beim Concertgebouw in Amsterdam (alle vor 1900), wie auch bei der 1929/1930 erbauten Rudolf-Oetker-Halle in Bielefeld und dem Konzerthaus Dortmund von 2002.

Bei dieser Bauform ergibt sich die Länge des Saals aus der Addition seiner Breite und Höhe. Der dabei entstehende Quader ähnelt sehr den Proportionen einer Schuhschachtel. Die Klangqualität in „Schuhschachtel-Sälen“ ist teilweise hervorragend, dazu trägt neben der Geometrie des Raumes aber auch die Art der Innenausstattung bei. Die reiche Ausschmückung der Säle mit Pilastern und Stuckaturen, die gerade für die Zeit des Historismus typisch ist, trägt wesentlich zur optimalen Streuung der Klänge bei.

Eine Umfrage unter etwa 25 berühmten Dirigenten in den 1950er Jahren ergab folgende Rangliste für die beste Aufführungsstätte, bei der vier der fünf bestbewerteten Säle nach dem Schuhschachtel-Prinzip konzipiert wurden:

Neuere Konzertsäle wie etwa das Neue Gewandhaus in Leipzig, die Philharmonie Berlin oder die Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg werden häufig nicht mehr nach dem Schuhschachtel-Prinzip erbaut. Die Architekten arbeiten heute eng mit Raumakustikern zusammen, um auch bei komplexeren Raumkonzepten die gute Klangcharakteristik des Saales zu erreichen.

Selbstfindung

Selbstfindung ist ein Begriff aus der Entwicklungspsychologie. Er beschreibt einen in der Pubertät beginnenden Prozess, durch den ein Mensch versucht, sich in seinen Eigenheiten und Zielen zu definieren, vor allem in Abgrenzung von der Gesellschaft und ihren Einflüssen.

Die Selbstfindung erfolgt auf verschiedenen Ebenen: materiell, sozial und geistig. Sie läuft in mehreren Phasen ab, die meist durch den zunehmenden Grad an Selbstreflexion unterschieden werden.

Typische Fragen sind: „Wer bin ich?“, „Wer möchte ich sein?“, „Wie sehen mich andere?“

Beeinflusst wird die Selbstfindung zum einen durch die bisherige Sozialisation, zum anderen durch Vorbilder und Peergroups. Sie kann durch emotionale Belastungen und Krisen gekennzeichnet sein, insbesondere wenn die angestrebte soziale Rolle nicht erreichbar ist. Hier kann die Analyse der eigenen Motivationsstruktur nützlich sein.

Ergebnis eines Selbstfindungsprozesses ist ein persönliches Werte­system und eine mehr oder weniger detaillierte Zukunftsplanung. Angestrebtes Ziel ist oft die Selbstverwirklichung.