Greppiner Klinker

Unter der Bezeichnung Greppiner Klinker (oft auch etwas unpräzise Bitterfelder Klinker) wird ein hartgebrannter gelber Ziegelstein verstanden, der im Zeitraum zwischen 1871 und 1900 oft zur Verblendung repräsentativer öffentlicher Gebäude wie Bahnhöfe und Schulen verwendet wurde.

Durch die im Vergleich zum normalen Ziegelstein deutlich höheren Temperaturen beim Brennen der Klinker wird eine geschlossene Oberfläche erzielt, die den Stein wasserundurchlässig und gleichzeitig relativ unempfindlich gegen die Ablagerung von Staub und Ruß macht. Die Klinker werden daher vorrangig für die Fassadenverblendung, zum Bau von Kanälen und Brückenpfeilern sowie für die Wegebefestigung verwendet.

Im Jahr 1846 wurde bei der Suche nach Grundwasser im Raum Wolfen/Greppin bei Bitterfeld Braunkohle entdeckt, die unter einer Tonschicht lag. Zur Erschließung der Braunkohlevorkommen wurden die Tagebaue Grube Johannes Nord Nr. 6 und Grube Nr. 79 Greppin eingerichtet. Mit der Inbetriebnahme des Abzweiges von Dessau nach Bitterfeld der Berlin-Anhaltischen Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (BAE) im Jahr 1857 erhielten die Gruben Bahnanschluss und konnte die Braunkohle leichter transportieren. 1860 konzentrierte sich der neue Grubenbesitzer Carl August Stange auf die Verarbeitung des Tons und ließ nördlich von Greppin Ziegelbrennöfen errichten.

Im Jahr 1871 wurden die Greppiner Werke A.-G. für Baubedarf und Braunkohlen (vormals Carl August Stange) mit Sitz in Berlin gegründet, die die Brennöfen durch die Umstellung auf Gasfeuerung modernisierten. Nun konnten hochwertige Verblender-Steine und Terracotta-Steine hergestellt werden. Außerdem konnten in Porzellanöfen glasierte Steine in verschiedenen Farben produziert werden.

In der Greppiner Grube wurde ein sehr hochwertiger Ton vorgefundenen: kalkfrei, eisenarm, fast reiner Kaolin, auch als Braunkohleton bezeichnet. Die Verarbeitung dieses Tons ergab Klinker mit gelber, fast lederartiger Farbe von sehr hoher Qualität, die schon sehr bald für die auszuführenden großen Bahnhofsneubauten und andere bedeutende Bauten der Gründerjahre sowie der sich anschließenden Dekade bevorzugt ausgewählt wurden.

Die regionale Verwendung von Baustoffen orientiert sich am Transportaufwand und an den Transportmöglichkeiten. Deshalb hatten regionaltypische Bauweisen vor Einführung der Eisenbahnen meist eine nur geringe räumliche Ausbreitung. Durch die günstige Lage der Greppiner Werke an der Bahnstrecke Dessau–Bitterfeld der Berlin-Anhaltischen Bahngesellschaft (BAE) weiteten sich die Verwendungsmöglichkeiten deutlich aus. Die Greppiner Klinker wurden in den Gründerjahren bevorzugt für Bahngebäude dieser Gesellschaft, aber auch für Bahngebäude anderer Gesellschaften und andere repräsentative Bauten vorrangig im mitteldeutschen Industrierevier und im Berliner Raum verwendet. So sind derzeit folgende Bauten bekannt, die mit Greppiner Klinker verblendet wurden:

Gelb verklinkerte Bahngebäude, Böschungsmauern und Brückenwiderlager waren, neben den Hartungschen Säulen, den sogenannten „Gewächshaus-Überdachungen“ der Treppenzugänge und den gusseisernen Dachstützen, stilprägend für die Berliner Eisenbahnarchitektur der Jahre 1870 bis 1900.

Ob es neben den Greppiner Werken noch andere Ziegeleien gab, die vergleichbare gelbe Klinker herstellten, ist nicht bekannt. Bei folgenden exemplarisch genannten Bauten ist die Verwendung der Greppiner Klinker nicht gesichert, kann aber aufgrund der Entstehungszeit, der typischen gelben Farbgebung und des räumlichen Bezugs als sehr wahrscheinlich eingeschätzt werden:

Nach 1900 ging der Bedarf für Klinkerverblendungen mit dem veränderten Zeitgeschmack nach Einsetzen des Jugendstils spürbar zurück. Die Fertigung der Greppiner Klinker endete aufgrund des Absatzrückgangs im Jahr 1920. Die Braunkohleförderung wurde schließlich 1931 eingestellt. Im Jahr 1932 wurden die Werksanlagen demontiert.

In den Folgejahren entwickelte sich in diesem Bereich die chemische Industrie, insbesondere die Filmproduktion.

In das Restloch der Tagebaugrube wurden in den folgenden Jahrzehnten in großem Umfang stark kontaminierte Abwässer, Schlämme und Abfälle der Filmfabrik Wolfen und der Kunstfaserproduktion relativ sorglos eingeleitet und abgekippt.

Aufgrund der hohen Schadstoffkonzentrationen (Schwermetalle, Schwefelwasserstoff, Schwefelkohlenstoff) und der starken Geruchsbelastung erlangte die Abwasser- und Abfalldeponie im Tagebaurestloch unter der im Volksmund entstandenen ironischen Bezeichnung „Silbersee“ überregionale Bekanntheit. Tatsächlich waren jedoch keine Silberverbindungen in die Grube eingeleitet worden, weil sie zu wertvoll waren und für die weitere Produktion in der Filmfabrik wieder aufbereitet wurden.

Nach 1990 wurde dieses sorglose Vorgehen gestoppt und eine Sanierung der stark belasteten Grube begonnen. Messungen ergaben, dass der Ausbreitungsumfang der stark giftigen Schadstoffe aufgrund der geologischen Verhältnisse (Schichtenlagen) weniger groß war als befürchtet.

Guardians of the Globe

The Guardians of the Globe are a fictional superhero team in the Image Comics Universe, appearing primarily in the comic Invincible. The original team was based on DC Comics‘ Justice League of America.

The original Guardians of the Globe was a private organization funded by War Woman and Darkwing. This version of the Guardians was a pastiche of DC Comics‘ Justice League of America (JLA), with each of the Guardians (with the exception of Black Samson) having an obvious JLA analogue. Robert Kirkman, in his author notes for Invincible: The Ultimate Collection, Volume 1, explains that he went with these archetypes because he had only 18 pages to get the reader to care for the characters before their brutal deaths.[citation needed]

Along with Black Samson (who is in part based on Doc Samson), the team included: the Immortal (based on Superman); Darkwing (based on Batman); War Woman (based on Wonder Woman); a Russian named Red Rush (based on the Flash); Aquarus, the King of Atlantis (based on Aquaman); Martian Man (based on the Martian Manhunter); and the Green Ghost (based on Green Lantern). Omni-Man, although never an official member of the team, was a trusted associate of the Guardians, and knew the location and password of the Guardians secret headquarters in Utah. This trust let Omni-Man betray and murder the Guardians, after calling them to their headquarters on an emergency. The only member of the Guardians to survive the massacre was Black Samson, who was not actively a member at that time (due to the loss of his powers). The Immortal subsequently returns to life due to the nature of his power.

After the murder of the original team, the United States government re-established the Guardians of the Globe as a state-funded agency. This new team was led by former Teen Team leader Robot, under the direct supervision of Donald, the government’s superhuman liaison. Donald was ultimately responsible to Cecil Stedman. Along with Robot, the initial lineup for the new team included Dupli-Kate and Rex Splode from the Teen Team, Monster Girl, Shrinking Ray, and Black Samson, the only surviving member of the old team.

The new team’s performance in its first few months did not live up to expectations of its superiors, leading Donald and Cecil to make some changes. Bulletproof was added to the team’s roster, and the newly resurrected Immortal was brought in as a consultant to improve standards. After the team continued to under-perform, the Immortal replaced Robot as team leader.

Although not actually a member himself (Robot said he was always welcome if he becomes interested), Invincible reports to the same agency and often helps the team in dire circumstances.

When most of the Guardians‘ most powerful members were sent into space to thwart a Martian invasion, they were successful, but while they were away, the team’s weaker members were required to stop the Lizard League’s plot to take command of nuclear warheads. Dupli-Kate and Shrinking Ray were killed by the villain Komodo Dragon; Rex Splode was badly injured in the fight, but survived.

After lashing out at Allen the Alien (who was only looking for Invincible), the Immortal realized just how deeply he had been affected by Dupli-Kate’s death and resigned from the Guardians. However, it was revealed that Dupli-Kate was still alive, as she had always left her „Zero“ behind on missions.

On March 15, 2010, Image began releasing teaser posters announcing members of a new Guardians of the Globe team as a parody of Marvel’s advertisements for the line ups of their revamped Avengers, New Avengers, Secret Avengers and Avengers Academy books. The released posters, in order of appearance, were:

In an interview with Comic Book Resources, Kirkman explained that although the later images were deliberately farcical, the campaign was intended to announce a six-issue miniseries spinning out of Invincible. The miniseries, he said, would deal with the earthbound characters of the Invincible universe, while that title focused on „The Viltrumite War“, an eight-issue storyline that would be set solely in space. The six-issue series, named Guarding the Globe, was launched on August 25, 2010. The Parody Team was featured in a one-page backup in the first issue.

On March 21, 2010, Image began releasing teaser images of the team’s real members done in the same style as the parody images. This set of posters, in order appearance, were:

Outrun, Kaboomerang, and Yeti are all new characters created for the series. Issue three of the new bimonthly miniseries also introduced El Chupacabra from Mexico, a washed up superhero who is an alcoholic with razor-sharp claws and other abilities. In issue four, seven additional new characters are added.

Desta Global

Desta Global is Indian start-up company working in agriculture sector. Company focuses on agriculture, livelihood education and renewable energy. It was founded by Ron Boehm, Marlys Boehm & Nishant Banore in 2010. Mohnish Sharma is current CEO of the company.

Desta Global was founded in 2010 by Ron Boehm, Marlys Boehm & Nishant Banore.

Desta Global operates two online properties- Desta Mart & Desta Talk.

Desta Mart is an online B2B E-Commerce portal for agricultural products. It links agricultural input manufacturers and suppliers with agri-store owners in rural India. It receives the orders from the dealers and place them with companies which handle the delivery. Desta Mart provides agricultural inputs such as organic manures, field crop and vegetable seeds, plant nutrients, plant growth regulator, animal husbandry products and solar lamps.

Desta Talk is an online portal providing farmers information on agriculture and agribusiness for free.

The company also hosted a “Desta Career Stall” to recruit local talents and train them for better job opportunities. It also tied-up with local agriculture university, to provide information on the available education and career opportunities to the farmer’s children.

Desta Global’s agricultural information website Desta Talk won „Special Mention Award“ at Social Media for Awareness Summit- 2016 organized by Digital Empowerment Foundation.

Playter Estates

Playter Estates is an area in the east end of Toronto, Canada bounded by Jackman Avenue to the east, the Don River Valley to the west, Danforth Avenue in the south, and Fulton Avenue in the north. The neighbourhood is built on land once owned by the Playter family for whom two streets in the area are named. The old farmhouse of the Playter household at 28 Playter Crescent is now the Playter Mansion, which is often used for various films, television shows, and commercials.

The neighbourhood is historically Greek, but is increasingly popular among artists and business professionals. The advent of Taste of the Danforth, a weekend long celebration of Danforth Avenue cuisine and culture, has made the area far more popular in recent years.

Although the increasing home prices in the community cater to the upper-middle class, the neighbourhood still tends to lean to the left of the political spectrum, mainly supporting New Democratic Party candidates in provincial and federal elections. The area is also home to comedian and CBC series host Rick Mercer.

In a 2015 article in Toronto Life, Playter Estates was named Toronto’s third-best neighbourhood to live in (based on several criteria, weighted by the magazine writers themselves).

George Henry Playter was born around 1736 in Surrey and died around 1820-1822 in what is now Toronto. He emigrated from England to Pennsylvania, where he married Elizabeth Welding. During the American Revolution, he seized military documents for the British and was granted a commission as a Loyalist captain. He moved with his family first to Nova Scotia, then Kingston in 1783, then finally to Toronto in 1793, where Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, to whom he may have been related by marriage, granted him 2000 acres (8 km²) of land in York Township. He built a house, Drumsnab, on what is now Drumsnab Road near about Castle Frank.

According to his son Ely’s diary, George was captured at Drumsnab in 1813 by American troops looking for munitions, provincial archives and militia officers, but was quickly released. George had at least three daughters (Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary) and five sons (John, James, Ely, Watson and George), and is remembered today mainly as the progenitor of the family that gave its name to the Playter Estates neighbourhood.

Ely was an MPP. His son John married Sarah Ellerbeck, for whom Ellerbeck Street is named. John’s grandson John Lea Playter built the farmhouse at 28 Playter Crescent, the lands surrounding which were subdivided by 1912 to form the Playter Estates. Jackman Avenue is named for John Lea Playter’s wife Mary Jackman. George Playter Jr. ran the first stage coach line between Newmarket and York along Yonge Street.

Giannis Spanos

Ioannes „Giannis“ Spanos (Greek: Ιωάννης (Γιάννης) Σπανός; pronounced [ioˈanis ˈʝanis spaˈnos]), also transliterated as Yannis Spanos, is a Greek music composer and lyricist. In his early days as a musician he was also a piano accompanist. Spanos won the music prize at the 1971 Thessaloniki Film Festival for composing the score of the film Ekeino to kalokairi.

Spanos was born in Kiato in 1943. His father was a dentist. Spanos was influenced by his sister’s piano studies, and moved to Athens at the age of 17 to study at the National Odeum where he learned to play the piano. His father wanted him to become a scientist so he sponsored a yearly trip around Europe; Spanos lived briefly in Italy, Germany and the UK, eventually coming to Paris, France, whereto he eventually moved more permanently in 1961.

In Paris he worked in the artistic scene at the Rive Gauche as a piano accompanist. He accompanied there many French artists like Cora Vaucaire, Serge Gainsbourg, Béatrice Arnac and Juliette Gréco. It was in Paris and in French that he wrote his first songs; an example is the song Sidonie that was sung by Brigitte Bardot in the film A Very Private Affair.

When he eventually moved back to Greece, he was pivotal in the creation of the Greek New Wave genre. His has been composing music to this day, including soundtracks for films; his songs have been sung by many Greek singers including Keti Chomata, Arleta, Giannis Poulopoulos and Dimitris Mitropanos.

Valerie Jackson

Valerie Jackson (born Valerie Richardson on April 3, 1949 in Richmond, Virginia) is an American radio host, philanthropist, and former advertising executive. She is the widow of former Atlanta, Georgia mayor Maynard Jackson.

She was born to Charles and Cora Ruth Richardson, and grew up in Richmond. In 1963 she was one of the first black students admitted into her high school, from which she graduated in 1967. She went on to major in business management at Virginia Commonwealth University (BBA 1971), and continued her studies at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania (MBA 1973). From there she worked in executive capacities for Grey Advertising and Trans World Airlines.

Richardson first met Maynard Jackson, at that time the first black mayor of Atlanta, in 1976 at a party hosted by singer Roberta Flack. They were married in 1977, and she became stepmother to his three children from his previous marriage, later giving birth to two girls of their own, Valerie Amanda and Alexandra. During her husband’s tenure as mayor, she served as advisor to the city’s economic development program, bringing to Atlanta such national and international events as the 1988 Democratic National Convention and the 1996 Summer Olympics.

After her husband left the mayoral office for the final time in 1994, both of them continued their philanthropic work in the community, specifically in organizations helping the underprivileged. Both of them led the Maynard Jackson Youth Foundation, and Mrs. Jackson serving on the board for Alliance for a New Humanity. After her husband’s death in 2003, Mrs. Jackson started hosting a radio show on WABE, the National Public Radio station in Atlanta, called Between the Lines. On the show, she interviews notable intellectuals in the world community who help the world through a variety of outlets, such as politics, literature and the media. Among the subjects Jackson has interviewed include Jimmy Carter, Hillary Clinton, Deepak Chopra, Sidney Poitier and Iyanla Vanzant.

Australian stock horse

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Le cheval australien, ou Australian stock horse, est une race de cheval de selle originaire d’Australie. C’est un cheval docile et courageux, qui a vu le jour dans les Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. Il est issu du croisement entre des étalons pur-sang anglais et anglo arabes et des juments d’origines diverses.

L’Australian stock horse mesure entre 1,45m et 1,65m, il possède une petite tête au profil rectiligne, de larges naseaux, une encolure plutôt longue, un garrot saillant, et un poitrail profond. Il également doté d’un long dos puissant et d’une arrière-main puissante. Ses membres sont solides et ses canons sont courts. Endurant et robuste, l’Australian stock horse est un excellent cheval pour le travail de bétail, tout particulièrement les bovins, dans les grandes exploitations australiennes. De plus, il excelle en dressage car il possède de belles allures, et en CSO il est doté d’une très grande agilité et d’un courage hors normes. Toutes les robes unies y sont admises.

Tan Hiok Nee

Dato‘ Tan Hiok Nee (Chinese: 陳旭年; pinyin: Chén Xùnián; a.k.a. Tan Yeok Nee; 1827 – 21 May 1902) was the leader of the Ngee Heng Kongsi of Johor, succeeding Tan Kee Soon in circa 1864, he transformed the Ngee Heng Kongsi of Johor from a quasi-military revolutionary brotherhood, based in the rural settlement of Kangkar Tebrau, into an organisation of kapitans, kangchus, and revenue farmers, based in the state capital of Johor Bahru. His grandson Tan Chin Hian, was the chairman of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Singapore Teochew Poit It Huay Kuan and Ngee Ann Kongsi Singapore for many years.

Tan was born in a Teochew family from Jin Sha Village (zh), Caitang Town (zh) of the former Chaozhou Fu, China in 1827. He started life as a cloth peddler and in the course of his frequent visits to Wan Abu Bakar’s home in Telok Blangah of Singapore, where he became a friend of the royal family. He subsequently extended his textile business to Johor Bahru where many textile shops still line Jalan Tan Hiok Nee, a road named after him, and where he used to stay. With the help of the Temenggong, Tan moved to Johor in 1853. He obtained his first surat sungai (river document) of Bukit Berangan, a tributary of the Johor River in 1853, then aged 26 in partnership with Tan Ban Tye. There, he began cultivation of pepper and gambier. This was to form the beginning of a vast holding of 9 such grants which made him the largest holder of kangchu concessions, as well as the wealthiest and most influential Chinese in Johor. A map of Johor Bahru drawn in 1887 shows Tan Hiok Nee as the owner of several lots of land in the centre of Johor Bahru where he owned many shops and houses as well as started a market on an island called Pulau Segget, midpoint of Sungai Segget. In 1854, he started develop the left bank of the Johor River. Within 5 September 1863 – 11 September 1863, Tan Hiok Nee obtained four additional kang-chu rights within a one-week period. On 5 September 1863, he received a Surat Sungai granting him the rights to three adjacent river: Keringkim (or Kim Kim), Kong Kong and Tukang. By then, he was the most prominent businessman in Johor with seven kangchu rights. This meant controls over the entire left bank of the Johor River which spanned from the south of Kota Tinggi to Pulau Ubin.

With Tan’s grants, he went into pepper and gambier planting which led naturally to trading in these crops, and eventually became a major pepper and gambier trader at Boat Quay in Singapore. He held the opium and spirit farm for Johor for various periods but in 1870-79, he joined with Tan Seng Poh and Cheang Hong Lim to form the Great Opium Syndicate which managed to gain control of the opium and spirit farm not only in Johor, but also the vastly lucrative revenue farms in Singapore, Melaka, and Riau. Like Tan Kee Soon, Tan Hiok Nee was a trusted friend of Sultan Abu Bakar and with his enormous wealth, may even have been one of the Sultan’s financiers.

In 1870, Tan was appointed as „Major China of Johor“, a governmental appointment that was assisted by an assistant treasurer, a head clerk, and a head inspector. The position was apparently created specially for him since Johor at that time already had two kapitans, namely Kapitan Tan Cheng Hung in Tebrau and Kapitan Seah Tee Heng in Johor Bahru. In addition, Tan was also appointed as one of two Chinese members to the Council of State, and the first Chinese to receive the title of Dato‘ S.P.M.J. ( Seri Paduka Mahkota Johor Yang Amat Mulia ). However, what made him so powerful among the Chinese community in Johor was his position as the leader of the Ngee Heng Kongsi after Tan Kee Soon’s death in circa 1864. By then, however, Md Salleh bin Perang had been appointed Chief of Police and the policing responsibilities that Tan Kee Soon had been entrusted with were now carried out by Johor officials. Under the circumstances, the Ngee Heng Kongsi was now more like an organisation of towkays who financed the plantations and operated the profitable revenue farms. Nevertheless, with his position as Kapitan Cina and head of the Ngee Heng Kongsi, as well as being a partner in the Great Opium Syndicate, Tan held all the levers of wealth and power available to a Chinese during his time.

In 1875, Tan inexplicably gave up his connection with Johor entirely, selling off all his concessions and withdrawing completely from Johor to settle in Singapore. It was speculated that his political rivals had removed him during the Maharaja’s absence due to their resentment of his prominence and power. After his flight, Tan’s assets and kang-chu rights were repossessed by the Johor government. Nevertheless, he chose his timing well for he withdrew at a time when Johor was standing at the peak of its progress under the rule of Sultan Abu Bakar. However, for the Ngee Heng, it was the beginning of the slide downhill. The administrative structure of government was well established and was managed by a core of able and experienced officers led by the much respected Dato‘ Jaafar bin Mohamed as Menteri Besar. Even so, he continued to have a towering presence in the Kongsi as his successor, Lim Ah Siang, was referred to only as Second Brother, the second most senior-ranking member in the secret society hierarchy. In 1885, he built himself a magnificent mansion in Singapore but eventually returned to China to become one of the few migrants who made good overseas and returned to end his days in his native village.

Presumption

In the law of evidence, a presumption of a particular fact can be made without the aid of proof in some situations. The types of presumption include a rebuttable discretionary presumption, a rebuttable mandatory presumption, and an irrebuttable or conclusive presumption. The invocation of a presumption shifts the burden of proof from one party to the opposing party in a court trial. Presumptions are sometimes categorized into two types: presumptions without basic facts, and presumptions with basic facts. In the United States, mandatory presumptions are impermissible in criminal cases, but permissible presumptions are allowed.

The ancient Jewish law code, the Talmud, included reasoning from presumptions (hazakah), propositions taken to be true unless there was reason to believe otherwise, such as „One does not ordinarily pay a debt before term.“ The same concept was found in ancient Roman law, where, for example, if there was doubt as to whether a child was really the issue of someone who had left money in a will, the presumption was in favour of the child. Medieval Roman and canon law graded presumptions according to strength: light, medium or probable, and violent. These gradings and many individual presumptions were taken over into English law in the seventeenth century by Edward Coke.

There are two types of presumption: rebuttable presumption and conclusive presumption. An example of presumption without basic facts is presumption of innocence.

An example of presumption with basic facts is Declared death in absentia, e.g., the law says if a person has been missing for seven years or more (basic fact), that person is presumed dead.[citation needed]

A number of presumptions are found in most common law jurisdictions. Examples of these presumptions include:

Tu’i Malila

Tu‘i Malila (ou Tu‘imalila) (1773 ou 1777 – 19 mai 1965) est le nom d’une tortue étoilée de Madagascar, célèbre pour détenir le record de longévité de son espèce.

Tu‘i Malila fut offert par le capitaine Cook (avec sa femelle, décédée bien plus tôt) à la monarchie des Tonga lorsqu’il accosta ce pays en 1777.

Tu‘i Malila, connu aussi sous le nom de « vieil homme », vécut dans le palais du roi, à Nuku‘alofa, jusqu’à son décès le 16 mai 1965. Il était donc âgé d’environ 190 ans.

Tu‘i signifie chef ou roi en tongien, il avait donc le titre de « roi de Malila ».

L’apostrophe apparente dans le nom n’est pas une apostrophe mais un ‘okina, une consonne transcrivant un coup de glotte fréquent dans les langues polynésiennes et mélanésiennes (le māori des îles Cook, le tahitien, le wallisien, etc.). Le signe s’écrit inversé par rapport à une apostrophe française (dont la fonction en tant que marque d’élision est totalement différente), et normalement arrondi et dessiné de bas en haut.

Tu‘i Malila est cité en exergue du roman Les Androïdes rêvent-ils de moutons électriques ? de Philip K. Dick (qui servira de base au film Blade Runner):

« AUCKLAND. Une tortue que le célèbre capitaine Cook avait offerte au roi de Tonga en 1777 est morte hier, à près de deux cents ans. Baptisée Tu‘imalila, l’animal est mort dans les jardins du palais royal dans la capitale de Tonga, Nuku. »

— (Reuters, 1966) ».